Laboratory Services

Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Whole Blood

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Updated Test Information:

Test Description
Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Whole Blood
Synonym(s)

Thiamin Diphosphate (TDP); Thiamin Pyrophosphate (TPP); Thiamine; Vitamin B1; VITB1; B1, Vitamin

Test ID
TDP
General Information

Useful for:



  • Assessment of thiamine deficiency

  • Measuring thiamine levels in patients with behavioral changes, eye signs, gait disturbances, delirium, and encephalopathy; or in patients with questionable nutritional status, especially those who appear at risk and who also are being given insulin for hyperglycemia

  • Whole blood thiamine testing is superior to currently available alternative tests for assessing thiamine status. Serum or plasma thiamine testing suffers from poor sensitivity and specificity, and less than 10% of blood thiamine is contained in plasma

  • Thiamine diphosphate (TDP) is the active form of thiamine and is most appropriately measured to assess thiamine status. Thiamine diphosphate in circulating blood is present in erythrocytes, but is undetectable (present in very low levels) in plasma or serum

  • LC-MS/MS analysis of TDP in whole blood is the most sensitive, specific, and precise method for determining the nutritional status of thiamine and is a reliable indicator of total body stores

  • This assay specifically targets and quantitates the active form of thiamine, TDP, as an indicator of thiamine status


 

Specimen Type

EDTA Whole Blood

Specimen Requirements

Lavender Top (EDTA)

Specimen Collection / Processing Instructions

  • Patient Preparation:

    • Fasting overnight (12-14 hours)

    • Infants-draw prior to next feeding

    • Water can be taken as needed.



  • Invert 8 to 10 times to mix blood

  • Transfer whole blood into amber vial or tube and freeze within 24 hours of collection.

Additional Processing Details

Ship specimen in amber vial to protect from light

Stability

Frozen: 28 days

Unacceptable Specimen Conditions

  • Gross lipemia

  • Glass vial

  • Clotted specimen

Limitations

Vitamin supplementation and nonfasting specimens may result in elevated thiamine diphosphate concentrations

Methodology

Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

Estimated TAT

2-5 days

Testing Schedule

Monday-Friday

Retention

14 days

CPT Code(s)

84425

Additional Information
Minimum Sample Volume

0.5 mL

Reference Range

70-180 nmol/L

Performing Lab

Mayo

LOINC Code(s)

32554-8